1. NAME AND TITLE
FOOD: Calculation of Radiation Dose to Man from Radionuclides in the Environment.
Battelle Pacific Northwest Laboratories, Richland, Washington.
3. CODING LANGUAGE AND COMPUTER
Fortran; UNIVAC 1108.
4. NATURE OF PROBLEM SOLVED
FOOD permits rapid and consistent estimates of the radiation dose and dose commitment to man resulting from radioactive materials released to the environment. It is designed to calculate the dose and dose commitment following an accumulation of radionuclides in the environment from one year's ingestion of contaminated food products and from one year's external radiation exposure.
FOOD addresses terrestrial exposure pathways and calculates from deposition on farm or garden soil and crops during either an atmospheric or water release of radionuclides. Deposition may be either directly from air or from irrigation water.
Doses may be calculated for either a maximum-exposed individual or for a population group. Doses calculated are a one-year dose and a committed dose from one year of exposure. The exposure is usually considered as chronic; however, equations are included to calculate dose and dose commitment from acute (one-time) exposure.
FOOD calculates one-year doses and dose commitments from any one or combination of
radionuclides for which sufficient biological data are available. As many as five of 23 possible organs
and tissues, and mixtures of up to 100 radionuclides, may be selected in any one case. The user may
select up to 14 food categories with corresponding consumption rates, growing periods, and either
irrigation rates or atmospheric deposition rates. These foods include various kinds of produce, grains,
and animal products.
5. METHOD OF SOLUTION
The equations for calculating internal dose and dose commitment are derived from those given by the International Commission on Radiological Protections (ICRP) for body burdens and Maximum Permissible Concentration (MPC) of each radionuclide.
The radiation doses from external exposure to contaminated farm fields or shorelines are calculated assuming an "infinite" flat plane source of radionuclides. A factor of two is included for surface roughness. A modifying factor to compensate for finite extent is included in the shoreline calculations.
The computer output consists of radiation dose and dose commitment summaries to all chosen
organs listed by exposure pathway and by radionuclide. In addition, options exist for complete listing
of dose contributions by radionuclide for each pathway. The complete output includes radionuclide
concentrations in all ingested plant and animal material.
6. RESTRICTIONS OR LIMITATIONS
7. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME
No study has been made by RSIC of typical running times for FOOD.
8. COMPUTER HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
FOOD is operable on the UNIVAC 1108 computer.
9. COMPUTER SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
A Fortran IV compiler is required.
B. A. Napier, R. L. Roswell, W. E. Kennedy, Jr., and D. L. Strenge, "ARRRG and FOOD
Computer Programs for Calculating Radiation Dose to Man from Radionuclides in the Environment,"
PNL-3180 (June 1980).
11. CONTENTS OF CODE PACKAGE
Included are the referenced document and one (1.2MB) DOS diskette which contains the source
codes and sample problem.
12. DATE OF ABSTRACT
February 1982; revised February 1983.
KEYWORDS: INTERNAL DOSE; ENVIRONMENTAL DOSE; RADIOLOGICAL SAFETY; RADIONUCLIDES