1. NAME AND TITLE
SWAN: Code System for Analysis and Optimization of Fusion Reactor Nucleonic
AREAD: Input Data Processor.
LIBMAK: ANISN-Type Binary Data Library Manipulator
PPL-ANISN/SWAN Library Processor: Data Generator.
PPL-ANISN: One-Dimensional Discrete Ordinates Radiation Transport Module.
SIZERS: Storage Requirement Calculator.
SWIF: Perturbation Calculation and Optimization Module.
This code system combines the perturbation theory code SWIF and the transport theory code
ANISN with a control program for automatic iteration. Three auxiliary routines are also packaged
separately as: PSR-87/LIBMAK, PSR-88/AREAD and CCC-253/ANISN-PPL.
Fusion Reactor Design Division, Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton University, Princeton,
3. CODING LANGUAGE AND COMPUTER
FORTRAN IV; IBM 360/370.
4. NATURE OF PROBLEM SOLVED
Given the material density profiles which describe a one-dimensional reference system with a
neutron source, SWAN will calculate, and optionally implement, density changes so as to optimize
a single functional parameter of the system.
5. METHOD OF SOLUTION
The one-dimensional discrete-ordinate transport code ANISN is used to calculate flux and
adjoint distributions for specified sources. SWIF calculates first-order estimates of the effect of
material density changes on a goal functional, and from these evaluates effectiveness functions for
the substitution of one material for another. Density distribution changes are then calculated which
would optimize the goal functional, optionally subject to a constraint of holding another functional
constant (to first order).
6. RESTRICTIONS OR LIMITATIONS
SWAN is not designed to analyze critical systems; it assumes that there is a fixed source, as in
shielding or fusion reactor applications. Otherwise it is compatible with ANISN. All arrays are
variably-dimensioned, so that there are no restrictions on individual dimensions.
7. TYPICAL RUNNING TIME
It is difficult to choose a "typical" problem; the simple sample case executes in 6 seconds on
the IBM 360/91 computer. The bulk of the time is spent evaluating the fluxes and adjoints in
8. COMPUTER HARDWARE REQUIREMENTS
SWAN is operable on the IBM 360/370 computers. The following table represents RSIC
Code Time Region I-O Units
AREAD TEST 6. sec. (75) 54 K 2
LIBMAK 1.9 sec. (91) 184 K 6
Library Processor 0.5 sec. (91) 72 K 4
ANISN 2.8 sec. (91) 166 K 9
SIZER 0.3 sec. (75) 54 K 2
SWIF 4.8 sec. (91) 188 K 14
9. COMPUTER SOFTWARE REQUIREMENTS
The codes are operable on the IBM 360/75/91 Operating System using an OS-360 FORTRAN H compiler.
ANISN and SWIF are processed using the OVERLAY feature.
W. G. Price, Jr., "Notes on Installing the SWAN Package."
E. Greenspan, W. G. Price, Jr., and H. Fishman, "SWAN: A Code for the Analysis and Optimization of Fusion Reactor Nucleonic Characteristics," MATT-1008 (November 1973).
W. G. Price, Jr., "A Revised Version of the ANISN Code," MATT-1035 (April 1974).
W. G. Price, Jr., "AREAD, An Input Data Processing Routine," MATT-1034 (March 1974).
W. G. Price, Jr., "LIBMAK: A Program to Manipulate ANISN-Type Binary Libraries," MATT-1036 (March 1974).
E. Greenspan, "A Method for the Optimization of Fusion Reactor Neutronic Characteristics,"
MATT-981 (April 1973).
11. CONTENTS OF CODE PACKAGE
Included are the referenced documents and one (1.2MB) DOS diskette which contains the
source code and sample problem input, and output from the sample problem.
12. DATE OF ABSTRACT
August 1975, revised April 1990.
KEYWORDS: OPTIMIZATION; NEUTRON; GAMMA-RAY; DISCRETE ORDINATES; ONE-DIMENSION