Radiation Safety Information Computational Center

Oak Ridge National Laboratory Post Office Box 2008 Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-6362

Managed by Lockheed Martin Energy Research Corp. for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-96OR22464 Phone No. 423-574-6176 FAX 423-574-6182

Internet: PDC@ORNL.GOV WWW: http://www-rsicc.ornl.gov/rsic.html

No. 391                                                                                                     July 1997

Fame is a vapor, popularity an accident, riches take wings. Only one thing endures, and that is character.--Horace Greeley

Web Address Revisited

This is just another reminder for our readers to change bookmarks, personal pages, etc., to the new web address for RSICC's home page. The old address, http://epicws.epm.ornl.gov/rsic.html, will still be good for about two months.

CHANGES TO THE COMPUTER CODE COLLECTION

Two changes were made to the computer code collection during the month. One new code system was packaged and added to the collection and one existing code package was extended with an additional hardware version.

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, contributed the MRIPP (Magnetic Resonance Image Phantom Program) code system. MRIPP provides relative calibration factors for the in vivo measurement of internally deposited photon emitting radionuclides within the human body. The code includes a database of human anthropometric structures (phantoms) constructed from whole body magnetic resonance images (MRI). The database contains a large variety of human images with varying anatomical structure. Correction factors are obtained using Monte Carlo transport of photons through the voxel geometry of the phantom. Correction factors provided by MRIPP allow users of in vivo measurement systems (e.g., whole body counters) to calibrate these systems with simple sources and obtain subject specific calibrations. Note that the capability to format MRI data for use with this system is not included; therefore, one must use the phantom data included in this package.

MRIPP provides a simple interface to perform Monte Carlo simulation of photon transport through the human body. MRIPP also provides anthropometric information (e.g., height, weight) for individuals used to generate the phantom database.

A modified voxel version of the Los Alamos National Laboratory MCNP4A code is used for the Monte Carlo simulation. The voxel modifications were developed by Experimental and Mathematical Physics Consultants, Gaithersburg, Maryland. The voxel executable and Fortran patch to MCNP4 and MCNP4A (Monte Carlo N-Particle transport simulation) are included in this distribution, but the MCNP Fortran source is not included. It was distributed by RSICC as CCC-200 but is now obsoleted by the current release MCNP4B. The minimum configuration for MRIPP is a PC 386 (or later), 60 MHz, 80 Mbyte free disk space, 8 Mbyte RAM (16 MB preferred), and compatible printer. It will run under DOS 5.0 or later. All other required software is provided with MRIPP. MRIPP was compiled in Borland C++ 4.0 under DOS 6 on a pentium processor and can be run in a DOS window of Windows95. The voxel patch to MCNP was compiled with Lahey Fortran 5.01 on a 486. The package is transmitted on one cd-rom written in self-extracting compressed DOS files which contain MRIPP C++ source, MRIPP executables (including the voxel executable version of MCNP4A), phantom files, and electronic documentation. Reference: UCRL-MA-118455. C++ 4.0; PC 386 (C00655/PC386/00).

The International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria, through the Nuclear Energy Agency Data Bank, Issy-les-Moulineaux, France, contributed a new hardware version of this statistical model code system with fission competition which originated at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California. This new PC version obsoletes RSICC's ALICE-87 package. Several types of calculations and combinations can be performed including a standard Weisskopf-Ewing evaporation with multiple particle emission, s-wave approximation to give an upper limit to the enhancement of gamma-ray deexcitation due to angular momentum effects, and an evaporation calculation that can include fission competition via the Bohr-Wheeler approach. ALICE-91 calculates precompound decay via hybrid and geometry dependent hybrid (GDH) models with multiple precompound decay algorithms, single and double differential spectra, and reaction product cross sections.

The PC version runs on PC486 or better. The Lahey F77L/EM-32 5.20 compiler was used to create the executable included in the package. Versions are also available for the Cray XMP and Sun computers. The package is available on one DS/HD (1.44 MB) diskette in a self-extracting compressed DOS file. References: UCID-20169 (September 1984), (November 1982), Physical Review C, 28(4), 1475-1492 (October 1983), UCRL-JC-109052 (November 21, 1991). Fortran 77; Cray XMP (P00146CYOMP00), IBM PC (P00146PC48600), SUN (P00146SUN0401).

PERSONAL ITEMS

In serving a specialized area of scientific endeavor, it seems important that we note significant events or changes in the activities of people concerned with radiation protection, transport, and shielding in the nuclear industry. We, therefore, continue to carry personal items as they are brought to our attention.

W. Roger Ney Retires from the NCRP

Following the resignation of W. Roger Ney at the end of June, the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurement will have a new executive director for the first time since its creation in 1964. Ney is succeeded on an acting basis by the current deputy, William M. Beckner.

Ney has been involved in the activities of the NCRP since 1959 when he joined the staff of the National Bureau of Standards Division of Radiation Physics, where the NCRP's predecessor organization then was located. That organization had been created in 1929 by Lauriston S. Taylor, the first federal scientist to be assigned to ionizing radiation protection activities. Taylor organized the NCRP as a mechanism for bringing together scientific and medical societies and individual experts on radiation uses to develop national and international standards for radiation measurement and protection.

In 1964, when the NCRP was granted a federal charter as an independent organization, Ney became its first employee and executive. He was joined by his NBS secretary in a one room rented office near the NBS laboratory in northwest Washington. The NCRP now occupies office space in Bethesda, Maryland, for a staff of 18 persons with more than 400 volunteer members of the council and its expert committees with an annual budget of approximately $2 million.

In accepting Ney's resignation from the NCRP, Charles B. Meinhold, its current president, observed "The only name more synonymous with NCRP than yours is Lauriston S. Taylor, its founder--not bad company. Your expressed pleasure in working with me and all the people you have worked with on council affairs is clearly reflected in my and their appreciation for all you have given to the council."

Ney will continue his activities as chief operating officer of the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, which he has managed along with his NCRP duties since 1962. He also will remain a consultant to the NCRP on a part time basis and will work out of the NCRP offices.

"I have been fortunate to work with many national and world leaders in radiation protection and measurement science," Ney said. "Besides Lauriston Taylor, they include Charles Meinhold, the current NCRP president, Warren K. Sinclair, the second NCRP president, plus others like Harold 0. Wyckoff, Shields Warren, E. Dale Trout, Russell H. Morgan, Hymer Friedell, S. James Adelstein, all of whom served as officers of the NCRP."

Ney first encountered radiation detection instruments and had his first exposure to physics as a radio repairman in the U.S. Army. "When I read my first physics textbook, I knew what I wanted to do with my life," he remembers. Following his military service, he went to summer school to cram college preparatory courses in science and was accepted as a physics major at Yale University in 1953. During two college summers, he worked in temporary assignments at the National Bureau of Standards. He began graduate studies at the University of Rochester in the fall of 1957. The need to support a new family led him back to the National Bureau of Standards and an assignment in the metrology laboratory.

Shortly, he decided to study law on a part time basis at the George Washington University Law School in Washington. He thought there were parallels in the precision required in law and in physics which he would find interesting. He completed his Juris Doctor degree in 1964 after serving on the school's law review journal. He considered switching his employment to the law.

Instead, he was recruited to the NBS Division of Radiation Physics by Lauriston S. Taylor, the founder and chief of the division. Taylor promptly involved him in the activities of the NCRP and the ICRU, which were centered at the NBS. He also became the staff officer for the publication of the NBS handbooks on radiation safety, the predecessors to the now lengthy list of NCRP reports.

The NCRP was separated from NBS in 1964 and received a federal charter from the Congress to operate in the public interest. Ney and his NBS secretary left the federal payroll to become the newly independent organization's first employees late that year. The new organization appealed to medical and scientific organizations which had been cooperating with its efforts for donations to cover its costs. "The needed money came in quickly," he recalls.

Growth was steady, if slow, he relates. Both the scientific societies and several federal agencies provided financial support to the NCRP. In 1966, it took over publication of the report series, beginning with report 32. The current most recent report is numbered 125. In addition to the reports, each of which represents the work of an expert committee in the report's subject area, the NCRP now also publishes proceedings of its annual meeting, proceedings of special workshops and issues brief commentaries on other radiation matters. The council's activities expanded beyond ionizing radiation to include ultrasound, electromagnetic fields.

In recent years, much of the financial support from federal agencies has come in the form of specific contracts to prepare needed policy positions. The NCRP also has attempted to project its services beyond the scientific community to serve as a resource for public information about radiation problems. NCRP reports on the prevalence of the radioactive gas, radon, in 1984, were among the first efforts to alert citizens to the danger of naturally occurring radiation in homes and workplaces. Perhaps the most widely quoted NCRP reports are those which provide current estimates of population exposures from various radiation sources.

taken from an NCRP News Release (June 30, 1997)

CONFERENCES, COURSES, SYMPOSIA

RSIC attempts to keep its users/contributors advised of conferences, courses, and symposia in the field of radiation protection, transport, and shielding through this section of the newsletter. Should you be involved in the planning/organization of such events, feel free to send your announcements and calls for papers via email to raf@ornl.gov.

Reminder!!

The SCALE Training Course has been expanded to two consecutive courses that will separately cover the SCALE criticality codes and the SCALE shielding and source-term codes. The criticality course will focus on KENO V.a and the associated criticality analysis sequences in CSAS. It also will include a brief introduction to KENO-VI. The shielding and source-terms course will emphasize SAS2/ORIGEN-ARP (depletion/source-term generation) and SAS4/MORSE-SGC (3-D Monte Carlo neutron/gamma shielding). It will also cover SAS1/XSDRNPM (1-D neutron/gamma shielding) and QADS/QAD-CGGP (3-D point kernel gamma shielding). Each course will be conducted at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Attendees will gain hands-on experience in problem sessions each afternoon.

The SCALE Criticality Course will be offered October 28 ≠ 31 (Tuesday ≠ Friday) and the SCALE Shielding and Source Term Course will be offered the following week on November 3 ≠ 6 (Monday - Thursday). The courses are scheduled so that users may attend both courses if they choose. The expanded format allows time to more adequately cover each SCALE sequence. It also gives users the opportunity to select the course that best suits their professional needs and interests. This format was offered last fall and was very popular with the attendees. The registration fees are $1,200 for one course or $2,000 for both courses. Preliminary agendas for both courses are listed below. A registration form is attached.

The number of registrants for each course is limited to 24. Registrations will be accepted on a first-come basis. Hotel rooms are available at the Garden Plaza Hotel (423-481-2468). Additional information can be obtained by FAX (423-576-3513 ) or e-mail (scalehelp@ornl.gov).

SCALE Criticality Course Agenda

Tuesday
Overview of SCALE
Resonance Self-Shielding
Cross Section and Material Processing
KENO V.a Data Blocks & Parameters
KENO V.a Geometry, Chord, Array, & Plot Data
Problem Session 1

Wednesday
Review of Problem Session 1
Holes, Array Placement & Array of Arrays
Cell Weighting
Mixing Table
Biasing and Boundary Conditions
Reading KENO V.a Output
Problem Session 2

Thursday
Review of Problem Session 2
Monte Carlo Uncertainties
Start Data
Search Data
Problem Session 3

Friday
Review of Problem Session 3
Validation Issues
Introduction to KENO-VI
Problem Session 4--bring your own problem

SCALE Shielding Course Agenda

Monday
Overview of SCALE
Depletion/Decay/Source-Term Sequences
ORIGEN-ARP
SAS2
Problem Session 1


Tuesday
Review of Problem Session 1
SAS1 1-D Shielding Analysis Sequences
1-D Combined Criticality / Shielding Sequence
Problem Session 2

Wednesday
Review of Problem Session 2
SAS4 3-D Monte Carlo Shielding Analysis Sequence
Problem Session 3

Thursday
Review of Problem Session 3
QADS Point Kernel Shielding Analysis Sequence
Problem Session 4
Review of Problem Session 4
Current Topics in Shielding Analysis Applications





SCALE Training Course Registration Form

Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

October 1997

I am registering for the following (check one):
 Criticality Course (KENO-V.a)   October 28 ≠ 31 Fee: $1,200
  Shielding and Source Terms Course  November 3 ≠ 6 Fee: $1,200
  Both Criticality and Shielding Courses       Fee: $2,000


Name                                                    

Citizenship                                             

Organization                                            

Mailing address                                         

                                                       
 
                                                        

Telephone:                    Fax:                      

E-mail:                            


Your experience using the following computer programs (circle one for
each):

                    Extensive                   None
Criticality 
CSAS sequences      5      4      3     2      1      0
KENO V.a            5      4      3     2      1      0
Shielding 
SAS1                5      4      3     2      1      0
SAS4                5      4      3     2      1      0
MORSE               5      4      3     2      1      0
QAD-CGGP            5      4      3     2      1      0
Source Term / Depletion 
SAS2                5      4      3     2      1      0
ORIGEN-S            5      4      3     2      1      0

What are your personal objectives in taking this course (e.g., what do
you hope to do or learn at the course)?



Please mail this form and registration fee payment to:
SCALE Training Course
c/o Steve Bowman
Oak Ridge National Laboratory
P.O. Box 2008, MS 6370
Oak Ridge, Tennessee  37831-6370

Technologies for the New Century

The Call for Papers has been issued for the 1998 ANS Radiation Protection and Shielding Division Topical Conference, "Technologies for the New Century." The meeting is being held in Nashville, Tennessee, April 19≠23, 1998. Information about the paper requirements and the topics being considered are available at the end of this issue of the newsletter or at the following url http://www-rsicc.ornl.gov/RPS98/top-cfp.html if you have web access.

1st Meeting of the Brazilian Society of Nuclear Biosciences

The first scientific meeting of the Brazilian Society of Nuclear Biosciences will be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, on November 18-20, 1997. Exchange of information on different topics in the nuclear biosciences will permit the integration of national and international scientists with students and professionals in these areas. Topics to be covered include radiopharmacy, nuclear medicine, radiation protection, medical physics, education in nuclear biosciences, quality control, radiobiology, photobiology, and toxicology, and in-vivo and in-vitro methods in diagnosis, therapy, and research. Scientists wishing to submit an abstract should do so by September 10, 1997. Contact: Secretariat, Departmento de Biofisica e Biometria, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Av. 28 de setembro 87 - Vila Isabel, CEP:20551-030 - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (Phone 5521-587-6507, fax 5521-254-3532).

Conference on Radionuclide Metrology and its Application - ICRM'99

The 1999 Conference on Radionuclide Metrology and its Application organized by the Czech Metrological Institute under the auspices of the International Committee for Radionuclide Metrology (ICRM) will be held in Prague, capital of the Czech Republic, June 7-11, 1999. It will be an opportunity for scientists to present original works and to learn about new developments in metrology of radionuclides. Topics to be covered include:

Contact: Pavel DryŠk, Czech Metrological Institute, Radiova 1, CZ 102 00 Prague, Czech Republic (phone: +420 2 67008244, fax: +420 2 67008466, email: pdryak@cmi.cz).



Calendar

Your attention is directed to the following events of interest.

August 1997

Gamma Spectroscopy, Aug. 4-8, 1997, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; fax: 423-576-9383; email: registrar@orau.gov).

Introduction to Radiation Safety, Aug. 11-15, 1997, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; fax: 423-576-9383; email: registrar@orau.gov).

Physicist's Review in Diagnostic Radiology, Aug. 11-15, 1997, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

International Conference on Neutron Scattering (ICNS '97), Aug. 17≠21, 1997, Toronto, Canada, sponsored by Argonne National Laboratory, Brookhaven National Laboratory, the Canadian Inst. for Neutron Scattering, Chalk River Laboratories, the U.S. National Inst. for Standards, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Contact: ICNS Conference (phone 416-978-8735, fax 416-978-1081; email conference.services@utoronto.ca).

Computational Methods in Reactor Analysis and Shielding, Aug. 18-22, 1997, Knoxville, Tennessee, a short course offered by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Contact: Lydia Salmon, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (phone 423-974-2525; email lsalmon@utk.edu).

Nuclear Criticality Safety, Aug. 18-22, 1997, Knoxville, Tennessee, a short course offered by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Contact: Lydia Salmon, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (phone 423-974-2525; email lsalmon@utk.edu).

Monte Carlo Analysis, Aug. 18-22, 1997, Knoxville, Tennessee, a short course offered by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Contact: Lydia Salmon, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (phone 423-974-2525; email lsalmon@utk.edu).

ENFIR/ENAN, Aug. 18-22, 1997, PoÁos de Caldas Springs, MG Brazil. Contact: Dr. Ricardo Barros, Univ. do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Inst. Politťcnico - IPRJ/UERJ, P.O. Box 97282, 28601-970, Nova Friburgo, RJ, Brazil (fax 55-245-233779, email: enfir@iprj.uerj.br).

Radiation Oncology Resident's Review in Radiation Oncology Physics and Radiation Biology, Aug. 18-22, 1997, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Physicist's Review in Radiation Oncology Physics, Aug. 18-22, 1997, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

September 1997

2d Latin American Workshop on Nuclear Physics and Heavy Ion Reaction, Sept. 1-5, 1997, Universidad Simon Bolivar, Caracas, Venezuela. Contact: Sajo Bohus Laszlo (fax 58-2-9063155 or 58-2- 928903 or 58-2-5041148; email Lsajo@usb.fis.ve).

International Topical Meeting on Problems of Nuclear Reactor Safety, Sept. 4≠8, 1997, Moscow, sponsored by the Nuclear Society of Russia, the Russian Ministry of Atomic Energy, and others. Contact: V. Khromov or I. Goncharov (phone 7095-323-9242; fax 7095-324-7026).

Criticality Challenges in the Next Decade, Sept. 7-10, 1997, Chelan, Washington, sponsored by the ANS Eastern Washington Section and Nuclear Criticality Safety Division. Contact: Jess Greenborg, Westinghouse Hanford Company, P.O. Box 1970, Richland, WA 99352 (phone 509-376-3482, fax 509-376-6282).

Topical Meeting on Decontamination, Decommissioning, and Reutilization of Commercial and Government Facilities, Sept. 7-12, 1997, Knoxville, Tennessee, sponsored by the ANS Oak Ridge/Knoxville Section and the Decommissioning, Decontamination, and Reutilization Division. Contact: Gary Coxon, Bechtel Environment, Inc., P.O. Box 3500, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0350 (phone 423-220-2150, fax 423-220-2107).

Environmental Monitoring, Sept. 8-12, 1997, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; fax: 423-576-9383; email: registrar@orau.gov).

International Conference of the Ukranian Nuclear Society, Sept. 8≠12, 1997, Odessa, Ukraine. Contact: Sergey V. Barbashev, UNS, P.O. Box 136, 270009, Odessa, Ukraine (phone 0482-60-4160).

Symposium on Radiation Technology in Conservation of the Environment, Sept. 8≠12, 1997, Zakapone, Poland, sponsored by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Contact: IAEA, Wagramerstr. 5, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria (phone 43-1-2060-21270; fax 43-1-2060-29610).

8th Annual International Scientific and Technical Conference of the Nuclear Society of Russia, Sept. 15≠19, 1997, Ekaterinburg, Zerechny, Russia. Contact: Andrei Yugoslavia Gagarinski, RRC Kurchatov Inst., 123182 Moscow (phone 095-196-9900; fax 095-882-5937).

Applied Health Physics, Sept. 15-Oct. 17, 1997, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a five-week course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; fax: 423-576-9383; email: registrar@orau.gov).

Transportation of Radioactive Materials, Sept. 22-23, 1997, Las Vegas, Nevada, a short course presented by Nevada Technical Assoc., Inc., P.O. Box 90748, Henderson, NV 89009 (phone 702-564-2798; email nta@ntanet.net; url http://www.ntanet.net).

Radiation Safety Officer's Course, Sept. 22-26, 1997, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

21st International Symposium on the Scientific Basis for Nuclear Waste Management (MRS '97), Sept. 28≠Oct. 3, 1997, Davos, Switzerland, sponsored by the Materials Research Society. Contact: Verena Schatzmann, MRS '97, Hardstrasse 73, P.O. Box 280, 5430 Wettingen, Switzerland (phone 41-56-437-1253; fax 41-56-437-1207; email mrs97@nagra.ch).

9th Annual Weapons Complex Monitor Waste Management and Cleanup Decisionmakers' Forum, Sept. 29≠Oct. 2, 1997, Jacksonville, Florida. Contact: E/M Pub (phone 847-234-2353; fax 847-234-2874).

October 1997

International Conference on "Future Nuclear Systems," Global '97, Oct. 5-10, 1997, Yokohama, Japan. Contact: Dr. Takehiko Mukaiyama, JAERI, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken 319-11, Japan (phone 81-29-282-5325; fax 81-29-282-6181; email: mukaiyama@fca001.tokai.jaeri.go.jp).

Joint International Conference on "Mathematical Methods and Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications," Oct. 6-10, 1997, Saratoga Springs, New York. Contact: Dr. Richard Mendelson, KAPL, E6-216, P.O. Box 1072, Schenectady, NY 12301 USA (phone 518-395-7046; fax 518-395-4422; email: mendelsonm@aol.com; url: http://www.rpi.edu/~wittej/ansmnc.html).

2nd International Conference on Isotopes, Oct. 12≠16, 1997, Sydney, Australia, sponsored by the Australian Nuclear Assoc., Inc. Contact: M. Lanigan, Conference Overload Pty Ltd., P.O. Box 505, Crows Nest NSW 2065, Australia (phone 61-2-9437-4879; fax 61-2-9439-6561).

6th International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation (ICEM '97), Oct. 12≠16, 1997, Singapore, sponsored by the Nuclear and Environmental Engineering Divisions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. Contact: Donna McComb (phone 520-624-7008; fax 520-624-9312; email laseropt@basix.com; internet http://www.laser-options.com/icem.html).

Nuclear Technology Exchange: A New Era for Nuclear Science and Technology, Oct. 19≠21, 1997, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, sponsored by the American Nuclear Society, the Malaysian Nuclear Society, and others. Contact: General Chair John Graham, BNFL, Inc., 8899 E. Prentice Ave., Greenwood Village, CO 80111 (phone 303-694-0700; fax 303-694-1816).

Regulatory Medical X-Ray Physics, Oct. 20-24, 1997, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

November 1997

Introduction to Medical Dosimetry, Nov. 3-7, 1997, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

1997 ANS Winter Meeting, Nov. 16≠20, 1997, Albuquerque, NM. Contact: Meetings Department, ANS, 555 N. Kensington Ave., La Grange Park, IL 60526 (phone 708-579-8287; fax 708-352-6464).

Nuclear Applications of Accelerator Technology, Nov. 16-20, 1997, Albuquerque, New Mexico, sponsored by the Accelerator Applications Technical Group of the American Nuclear Society. Contact: Dr. L. Warren Funk, AccAPP '97 Tech. Prog. Comm., Westinghouse Savannah River Co., Savannah River Site, 703-45A, Aiken, SC 29808, USA (phone 803-725-2797; fax 803-725-8727; email warren.funk@srs.gov).

International Conference on Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation: Biological Effects and Regulatory Control, Nov. 17≠21, 1997, sponsored by International Atomic Energy Agency and the World Health Organization. Contact: Conference Secretariat, c/o Vienna International Center, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna, Austria (phone 43-1-20600; fax 43-1-20607; email iaeo@iaea1.iaea.or.at).

1st Scientific Meeting of the Brazilian Society of Nuclear Biosciences, Nov. 18≠20, 1997. Contact: Secretariat, Dept. of Biofisica e Biometria, Inst. de Biologia, Univ. do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Av. 28 de setembro 87 - Vila Isabel, CEP 20551-030-Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (phone 5521-587-6507; fax 5521-254-3532).

December 1997

International Conference and Exhibition "Plant Life Management and Plant Life Extension in Nuclear Facilities," Dec. 8-10, 1997, Prague, Czech Republic, organized by Nuclear Engineering International. Contact: Alan Wagstaff, Events Manager, Nuclear Engineering International, Wilmington Publishing, Wilmington House, Church Hill, Wilmington, Dartford, Kent, DA2 7EF, UK (phone 44-1322-277788, fax 44-1322-273748).

January 1998

X-Ray Mammography, Basic Physics and Quality Assurance, Jan. 12-13, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Medical Radiation Safety Physics, Jan. 14, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Diagnostic Medical Physics, Jan. 15, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Radiation Oncology Physics, Jan. 16, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Nuclear Medicine Physics, Jan. 17, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Radiation Safety Officer's Course, Jan. 19-23, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

February 1998

Health Physics Society Midyear Topical Meeting, Feb. 8-11, 1998, Mobile, Alabama. Contact: Health Physics Society, Suite 402, 1313 Dolley Madison Blvd., McLean, VA 22101-3926 (phone 703-790-1745; fax 703-790-2672; email: hpsburkmgt@aol.com).

Medical Dosimetry Review, Feb. 23-27, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

April 1998

Technologies for the New Century, 1998 ANS Radiation Protection and Shielding Division Topical Conference, Apr. 19-23, 1998, Nashville, Tennessee. Contact: Dan T. Ingersoll, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, P.O. Box 2008, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-6363 (fax 423-574-9619).

May 1998

Radiation Oncology Resident's Review in Radiation Oncology Physics and Radiation Biology, May 11-15, 1998, a Continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Physicist's Review in Radiation Oncology Physics, May 11-15, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

Radiation Safety Officer's Course, May 18-22, 1998, a continuing education course offered by the University of Texas at San Antonio. Contact: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Continuing Medical Education, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr., San Antonio, TX 78284-7980 (phone 210-567-4491; fax 210-567-6964).

July 1998

Health Physics Society Annual Meeting, July 12-16, 1998, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Contact: Health Physics Society, Suite 402, 1313 Dolley Madison Blvd., McLean, VA 22101-3926 (phone 703-790-1745; fax 703-790-2672; email: hpsburkmgt@aol.com).

June 1999

Conference on Radionuclide Metrology and its Application, June 7-11, 1999, Prague. Contact: Pavel DryŠk, Czech Metrological Institute, Radiova 1, CZ 102 00 Prague, Czech Republic (phone: +420 2 67008244, fax: +420 2 67008466, email: pdryak@cmi.cz).



JUNE ACCESSION OF LITERATURE

The following literature cited has been reviewed and placed in the RSICC Information Storage and Retrieval Information System (SARIS), now searchable on the RSICC web server (http://www-rsicc.ornl.gov/rsic.html). This early announcement is made as a service to the shielding community. Copies of the literature are not distributed by RSICC. They may generally be obtained from the author or from a documentation center such as the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22161. For literature listed as available from INIS contact INIS Clearinghouse, International Atomic Energy Agency, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna.

Radiation Shielding Literature

Health Phys., 72, 676-692 . . . Establishing Protective Long Term Measures After Severe Nuclear Accidents Using Multiple Criteria. . . . Papazoglou, I.A.; Kollas, J.G. . . . May 1997 . . . Institute of Nuclear Technology and Radiation Protection, Attiki, Greece.

Health Phys., 72, 693-700 . . . Potential Effects of Climatic Change on Radiological Doses from Disposal of Canadian Nuclear Fuel Waste. . . . Amiro, B.D. . . . May 1997 . . . AECL Whiteshell Labs., Manitoba, Canada.

Health Phys., 72, 779-783 . . . Use of Passive Detectors to Characterize Neutron Field Hardness. . . . Aroua, A.; Grecescu, M.; Pretre, S.; Valley, J.F. . . . May 1997 . . . Institute for Applied Radiophysics, Lausanne, Switzerland; Swiss Nuclear Safety Inspectorate, Villigen-HSK, Switzerland.

Health Phys., 72, 784-787 . . . Beta Particle Attenuation Characteristics of CaSO4. . . . Abdulhay, I.; McCarthy, W.; Chabot, G.; Ismail, A. . . . May 1997 . . . University of Massachusetts, Lowell, MA.

Health Phys., 72, 795-797 . . . An Intercomparison of Whole-Body Counters at Participating Region III Nuclear Power Plants. . . . Neeson, D.C.; Kessler, W.V.; Landolt, R.R.; Barton, T.P.; Mennucci, M.D. . . . May 1997 . . . Argonne National Laboratory, Chicago, IL; Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN; Palisades Nuclear Plant, Covert, MI.

Health Phys., 72, 835-841 . . . Skin Dose from Radionuclide Contamination on Clothing. . . . Taylor, D.C.; Hussein, E.M.A.; Yuen, P.S. . . . June 1997 . . . University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, N.B., Canada; AECL, Chalk River, Ontario, Canada.

Health Phys., 72, 842-847 . . . Phantom-Derived Estimation of Effective Dose Equivalent from X Rays With and Without a Lead Apron. . . . Mateya, C.F.; Claycamp, H.G. . . . June 1997 . . . University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA.

Health Phys., 72, 848-855 . . . 152Eu Depth Profiles in Granite and Concrete Cores Exposed to the Hiroshima Atomic Bomb. . . . Shizuma, K.; Iwatani, K.; Hasai, H.; Masaharu, H.; Oka, T. . . . June 1997 . . . Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan; Hiroshima-Denki Institute of Technology, Hiroshima, Japan; Kure University, Kure, Japan.

Health Phys., 72, 880-892 . . . Towards a Generalized Model for the Primary and Secondary Contamination of Lakes by Chernobyl-Derived Radiocesium. . . . Smith, J.T.; Leonard, D.R.P.; Hilton, J.; Appleby, P.G. . . . June 1997 . . . Institute of Freshwater Ecology, Dorset, United Kingdom; Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food, London, United Kingdom; University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.

Health Phys., 72, 923-930 . . . In-Situ Measurements of 137Cs in Soil by Unfolding. . . . Fulop, M.; Ragan, P. . . . June 1997 . . . Institute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine, Bratislava, Slovakia.

Health Phys., 72, 931-935 . . . Photon Dose Equivalent Rate from a Cylindrical Source Using a Point Kernel Technique. . . . Tsoulfanidis, N.; Shrestha, B. . . . June 1997 . . . University of Missouri-Rolla, Rolla, MO.

Health Phys., 73, 5-20 . . . A Brief History of People and Events Related to Atomic Weapons Testing in the Marshall Islands. . . . Simon, S.L. . . . July 1997 . . . National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC.

Health Phys., 73, 21-27 . . . Monitoring Distant Fallout: The Role of the Atomic Energy Commission Health and Safety Laboratory During the Pacific Tests, with Special Attention to the Events . . . Eisenbud, M. . . . July 1997.

Health Phys., 73, 28-36 . . . A History of the People of Bikini Following Nuclear Weapons Testing in the Marshall Islands: with Recollections and Views of Elders of Bikini Atoll. . . . Niedenthal, J. . . . July 1997.

Health Phys., 73, 37-48 . . . The Northern Marshall Islands Radiological Survey: Data and Dose Assessments. . . . Robison, W.L.; Noshkin, V.E.; Conrado, C.L.; Eagle, R.J.; Brunk, J.L.; Lokela, T.A.; Mount, . . . July 1997 . . . Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA.

Health Phys., 73, 66-85 . . . Findings of the First Comprehensive Radiological Monitoring Program of the Republic of the Marshall Islands. . . . Simon, S.L.; Graham, J.C. . . . July 1997 . . . National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC; Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO.

Health Phys., 73, 86-99 . . . 137Cs Exposure in the Marshallese Populations: An Assessment Based on Whole-Body Counting Measurements (1989-1994). . . . Sun, L.C.; Clinton, J.H.; Kaplan, E.; Meinhold, C.B. . . . July 1997 . . . Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY.

Health Phys., 73, 100-114 . . . An Updated Dose Assessment for Resettlement Options at Bikini Atoll - A U.S. Nuclear Test Site. . . . Robison, W.L.; Bogen, K.T.; Conrsdo, C.L. . . . July 1997 . . . Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA.

Health Phys., 73, 115-126 . . . Uncertainty and Variability in Updated Estimates of Potential Dose and Risk At a U.S. Nuclear Test Site - Bikini Atoll. . . . Bogen, K.T.; Conrado, C.L.; Robison, W.L. . . . July 1997 . . . Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, CA.

Health Phys., 73, 176-186 . . . Historical Events Associated with Fallout From Bravo Shot - Operation Castle and 25 Y of Medical Findings. . . . Cronkite, E.P.; Conard, R.A.; Bond, V.P. . . . July 1997 . . . Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY.

J. Phys. A: Math. Gen. 29, 7137-7155 . . . A Closed-Form Analytic Solution for the PL-SN Equations of Neutron Transport in Slab Geometry. . . . Aboughantous, C.H. . . . November 1996 . . . Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA.

Nucl. Instrum. Methods, A. 363, 545-556 . . . Neutron and Photon Fluxes and Shielding Alternatives for the CMS Detector at LHC. . . . Huhtinen, M.; Aarnio, P.A. . . . 1995 . . . CERN, Geneva, Switzerland; Helsinki University of Technology, Espoo, Finland.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 131-145 . . . Monte Carlo Estimation of Generalized Unreliability in Probabilistic Dynamics - I: Application to a Pressurized Water Reactor Pressurizer. . . . Labeau, P.E. . . . June 1997 . . . Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 146-157 . . . Monte Carlo Estimation of Generalized Unreliability in Probabilistic Dynamics - II: Handling Uncertainties in Parameters. . . . Labeau, P.E.; Amar, Z.O. . . . June 1997 . . . Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 158-167 . . . High-Probability One-Sided Confidence Intervals in Reliability Models. . . . Castillo, E.; Solares, C.; Gomez, P. . . . June 1997 . . . University of Cantabria, Santander, Spain.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 176-186 . . . Gamma and Neutron Dosimetry Using CaF2: Tm Thermoluminescent Dosimeters for Fusion Reactor Shielding Experiments. . . . Angelone, M.; Batistoni, P.; Pillon, M.; Rado, V.; Esposito, A. . . . June 1997 . . . ENEA, Rome, Italy; Istituto Nazionale Fisica Nucleare, Rome, Italy.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 187-200 . . . Measurement of Gamma-Ray Spectra and Heating Rates in Iron and Stainless Steel Shields Bombarded by Deuterium-Tritium Neutrons and Validation of Secondary-Gamma . . . Maekawa, F.; Oyama, Y.; Konno, C.; Wada, M.; Ikeda, Y. . . . June 1997 . . . JAERI, Ibaraki-ken, Japan.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 201-212 . . . Fission Cross-Section Measurements of 241Am Between 0.1 eV and 10 keV with Lead Slowing-Down Spectrometer and at Thermal Neutron Energy. . . . June 1997 . . . Kyoto University, Osaka, Japan; JAERI, Ibaraki, Japan.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 224-228 . . . Effective Atomic Numbers of Low-Z Compounds for Photon Interaction. . . . Prasad, S.G.; Parthasaradhi, K.; Bloomer, W.D. . . . June 1997 . . . Evanston Hospital, Evanston, IL.

Nucl. Sci. Eng., 126, 239-244 . . . The ASYNT Adjoint Synthesis Method for Neutron Irradiation Assessment of VVER/Pressurized Water Reactor Pressure Vessel. . . . Belousov, S.I.; Ilieva, D. . . . Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia Bulgaria.

Nucl. Technol., 118, 187-199 . . . Wind-Field Modeling of Nuclear Accident Consequences for Hong Kong. . . . Yeung, M.R.; Lui, W.S. . . . June 1997 . . . University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong.

Nucl. Technol., 118, 233-241 . . . Diffusion Paths of Cesium in Water-Saturated Mortar. . . . Idemitsu, K.; Kuwata, K-I.; Furuya, H.; Inagaki, Y.; Arima, T. . . . June 1997 . . . Kyushu University, Fukuoka, Japan.

Nucl. Technol., 118, 264-375 . . . A Correlation-Based Signal Validation Method for Fixed In-Core Detectors. . . . Adorjan, F.; Morita, T. . . . June 1997 . . . KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, Budapest, Hungary; Westinghouse Electric Corp., Pittsburgh, PA.

DOE/RW-0472 Rev. 1 . . . Topical Report on Actinide-Only Burnup Credit for PWR Spent Nuclear Fuel Packages. . . . . . . May 1997 . . . U.S. Department of Energy, Washington, DC.

ICRU Report 56 . . . Dosimetry of External Beta Rays for Radiation Protection. . . . January 1997 . . . International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, Bethesda, MD.

INDC(GER)-41 . . . Integral Data Tests of the FENDL-1 Nuclear Data Library for Fusion Applications. . . . Fischer, U., ed. . . . August 1996 . . . Institut fur Neutronenphysik und Reaktortechnik, Karlsruhe, Germany.

KEK Preprint 96-175 . . . Application of the EGS4 Monte Carlo Code to a Study of Multilayer Point Isotropic Gamma-Ray Exposure Buildup Factors Up To 40 mfp. . . . Hirayama, H.; Shin, K. . . . February 1997 . . . KEK, National Laboratory for High Energy Physics, Ibaraki, Japan; Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.

NCRP, Proceedings No. 18 . . . Implications of New Data on Radiation Cancer Risk. . . . March 1997 . . . National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements. . . . Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Meeting of the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, held on April 3-4, 1996, Crystal City Marriot.

NUREG/CR-6361; ORNL/TM-13211 . . . Criticality Benchmark Guide for Light-Water-Reactor Fuel in Transportation and Storage Packages. . . . Lichtenwalter, J.J.; Bowman, S.M.; DeHart, M.D.; Hopper, C.M. . . . March 1997 . . . U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

NUREG/CR-6504 Vol. 1; ORNL/TM-13322/V1 . . . An Updated Nuclear Criticality Slide Rule. . . . Broadhead, B.L.; Hopper, C.M.; Childs, R.L.; Tang, J.S. . . . April 1997 . . . U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC; Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

ORNL/TM-11825 . . . Evaluation of 28, 29, 30Si Neutron Induced Cross Sections for ENDF/B-VI. . . . Hetrick, D.M.; Larson, D.C.; Larson, N.M.; Leal, L.C.; Epperson, S.J. . . . April 1997 . . . Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

ORNL/TM-12339 . . . The Tower Shielding Facility Its Glorious Past. . . . Muckenthaler, F.J. . . . May 1997 . . . Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.

Technical Report Series No. 381 . . . The Use of Plane Parallel Ionization Chambers in High Energy Electron and Photon Beams. An International Code of Practice for Dosimetry. . . . 1997 . . . International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. . . . IAEA, Vienna, Austria.

Last modified on August 19, 1997 (afr)