Oak Ridge National Laboratory
377 April 1996
One new code system was added to the Computer Code Collection.
OP SYS: DOS
Language: Fortran 77
|ORNL contributed this code system for calculating radioactive
decay and accumulation of decayed products using integer-array
arithmetic for precise evaluation of the Bateman equations.
RADAC calculates the decayed radionuclide-by-radionuclide
composition of the accumulated waste at preselected decay times
ranging from one year to one million years after the start of accumulation. Radioactive waste is accumulated year by year. The
radionuclide composition of each year's waste is known. RADAC
differs from previous decay codes in that it uses library files of
precalculated yield factors to determine the decayed products of
actinides and long-chain fission and activation products. These
files, which are part of the code package, were generated off-line
by applying high-precision integer-array arithmetic to the evaluation of the Bateman equations. This two-stage (i.e., off-line and on-line) method of calculation permits the decay of long chains to be
determined with unprecedented precision at both low and high
decay times. Accumulation of decayed products is quickly determined by an efficient algorithm.|
RADAC was developed on a 486DX personal computer. The executable included in the package was created with Lahey F77L/EM32 Version 5.10 compiler and was tested under both DOS 6.0 and Windows 95. The executable, information file, data files, and test cases are transmitted on one 1.44 DS/HD 3.5-in. diskette written in DOS format. Note that the Fortran source is not included. Reference: ORNL/TM-12380 (November 1995). Fortran 77; PC 386 (C00627/PC486/00).
The following *define options will be removed from MCNP4B unless you tell us you need them:
FORTLIB, ENCORE, APOLLO, BCWTEX, NOS, NOSVE, CYBER205, FPS, PLOT10, DI3000, GRAFLIB, DISGRAF, COS, IBM
The IBM option is used by IBM mainframes which we would no longer support. We continue to fully support IBM AIX workstations and DOS PCs. If you need these systems, please notify John Hendricks, firstname.lastname@example.org.
In serving a specialized area of scientific endeavor, it seems important that we note significant events or changes in the activities of people concerned with radiation protection, transport, and shielding in the nuclear industry. We, therefore, continue to carry personal items as they are brought to our attention.
Eric L. Gingold, Ph.D., of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, has received the 1996 National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP) Robert D. Moseley, Jr. Award for Radiation Protection in Medicine. Dr. Gingold's paper, "Contrast and Dose in Mo-Mo, Mo-Rh, and Rh-Rh Target-Filter Combinations in Mammography," (co-authored with Xizeng Wu and Gary T. Barnes) was published by Radiology in June 1995. The study employed screen-film sensitometry to measure the contrast in images of a calcification target embedded in simulated breast tissue for three target/filter combinations as a function of x-ray tube potential, breast thickness and breast composition. Glandular doses were also determined. The measured contrast and dose were combined to calculate a Figure-of-Merit (FOM) defined as (contrast)2/dose. The study concluded that for the thick or dense breast, the alternative target/filter selections can achieve contrast comparable to or better than the contrast obtainable with Mo-Mo, while delivering less dose. With estimates of the number of mammographic examinations performed on breasts more than 5-cm thick or involving dense breast tissue ranging from 25 to 60 percent of all mammograms, the potential for dose reduction is substantial. Dr. Gingold received a B.S. degree in electrical and computer engineering from the State University of New York at Buffalo. His M.S. and Ph.D. were conferred in bioengineering from the University of California, Berkeley and San Francisco. After completing a two year postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Dr. Gingold accepted a position with the Long Island College Hospital in Brooklyn, New York, and then moved on to his present position with the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia.
Thomas Thornton, senior scientist at Battelle-Pacific Northwest Laboratory, has received a 1995 American Society for Testing and Materials Award of Merit for his outstanding contributions in the development of standards for Committee C-26 on the Nuclear Fuel Cycle, in particular for his work on standards for commercial nuclear fuels and reactor materials, and high-level nuclear waste disposal efforts. The title of fellow accompanies the award.
Congratulations are extended to Roger E. Stoller, a senior research staff member in the Metals and Ceramics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, who also received an American Society for Testing and Materials Award of Merit. Stoller was cited for promoting the international success of the radiation effects symposium series of Committee E-10 on Nuclear Technology and Applications, and for increasing the participation of the commercial nuclear industry in committee activities.
Emanuel Gordon, a metallurgist who worked on the Manhattan Project, worked with United Nuclear Corporation on nuclear fuel development, held many patents on nuclear fuel, worked for the Atomic Industrial Forum, worked (after his retirement in 1990) as a consultant on nuclear fuel and its disposal, died January 29, 1996, at the age of 76. He was a 35-year member of the American Nuclear Society.
Charles M. Huddleston, a nuclear physicist who specialized in radiation transport and particle beam technology, worked for Argonne National Laboratory and the U.S. Navy Department in California before joining the staff of the Naval Ordnance Laboratory in 1969, received the Superior Civilian Service Award and the Meritorious Civilian Service Award from the Navy; died on January 15, 1996, at the age of 70.
NCRP Report No. 121 , Principles and Application of Collective Dose in Radiation Protection
NCRP Report No. 122, Use of Personal Monitors to Estimate Effective Dose Equivalent and Effective Dose to Workers for External Exposure to LOW-LET Radiation
NCRP Commentary No. 11 , Dose Limits for Individuals Who Receive Exposure from Radionuclide Therapy Patients
NCRP Commentary No. 12, Radiation Exposure and High-Altitude Flight
NCRP Commentary No. 13, An Introduction to Efficacy in Diagnostic Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Justification of Medical Radiation Exposure)
NCRP Symposium Proceedings No. 2, Radioactive and Mixed Waste -Risk as a Basis for Waste Classification
NCRP Proceedings No. 15, Radiation Science and Societal Decision Making, Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Annual Meeting
Taylor Lecture No. 18, Mice, Myths and Men by R. J. Michael Fry
The new publications exhibit the scope of the Council's program ranging from elements of basic criteria such as collective dose and limits for special exposure situations to practical guidance on assessment of exposure. They also show that the Council's interests range from medical applications of radiation to policy issues reflected in societal decision making. For additional information about the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, contact W. Roger Ney, Executive Director, 7910 Woodmont Avenue, Suite 800, Bethesda, Maryland 20814-3095 (phone 301-657-2652, fax 301-907-8768).
RSIC attempts to keep its users/contributors advised of conferences, courses, and symposia in the field of radiation protection, transport, and shielding through this section of the newsletter. Should you be involved in the planning/organization of such events, feel free to send your announcements and calls for papers to RSIC.
RPSD is sponsoring a special session at the International Meeting of the American Nuclear Society and the European Nuclear Society (ANS/ENS). The session is entitled, "Radiological Analysis Utilizing Revised Accident Source Terms." The meeting will be held in Washington, D.C., November 10-15, 1996.
Presenters of this session will discuss works that utilize recent developments in source terms, such as those presented in NUREG-1465, "Accident Source Terms for Light-Water Nuclear Power Plants." NUREG-1465 provides estimates of the source term release into containment, in terms of timing, nuclide types, quantities and chemical form, given a core-melt accident. The works presented in this session can include, but are not limited to, methods, models, computer codes, safety enhancements, and relief of safety systems utilizing revised source terms. Those who wish to contribute a summary of their work for this session are required to follow the directions in the Call for Papers, which is available to ANS members in the April 1996 Nuclear News. For ENS members, it is published in the May Nuclear European Worldscan. The deadline for submitting a summary is June 7, 1996. Those who are not ANS/ENS members and need a copy of the Call for Papers or have questions concerning this session please contact the session organizer, Mark Blumberg, Houston Lighting and Power, P.O. Box 289, Wadsworth, TX 77483-0289 (phone 512-972-8908; fax 512-972-8081).
The time and place has been announced for the third in the Global series of conferences on nuclear fuel systems. The conference will be held October 5-10, 1997, in Yokohama, Japan. The theme, "Challenge Towards the Second Nuclear Era with Advanced Fuel Cycles," will encourage discussion and evaluation of future nuclear systems and fuel cycle options. Participants are encouraged to contribute papers on advanced concepts, designs and high performance systems of fast reactors, thermal reactors with plutonium fuel, reprocessing, fuel fabrication, waste management and disposal, decommissioning and nuclear safeguards in addition to basic research on physics, chemistry and metallurgy issues, and separation and transmutation of selected nuclides. The deadline for summary and abstract is November 30, 1996. Additional information about the conference and abstract requirements may be obtained from: N. Mizoo, Secretary for GLOBAL '97, Power Reactor and Nuclear Fuel Development Corporation (PNC), 1-9-13, Akasaka Minato-ku Tokyo 107, Japan (phone +81-3-3586-3311; fax: +81-3-3586-7726).
Your attention is directed to the following events of interest.
Symposium on Acceptability of Risk from Radiation -- Application to Manned Space Flight, May 29, 1996, Arlington, Virginia, sponsored by the National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements (NCRP). Contact: Laura Atwell, NCRP (301-657-2652).
2nd International Training Course/Workshop on Methodologies for Particle Transport Simulation and Their Application to Reactor Dosimetry/Shielding, June 2-7, 1996, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania. Contact: Prof. Ali Haghighat, 231 Sackett Building, University Park, PA 16802 (phone: 814-865-0039;fax:814-865-8499;email: email@example.com; www: http://gracie.psu.edu).
2nd International Conference on Accelerator-Driven Transmutation Technologies and Applications, June 3-7, 1996, Kalmar, Sweden. Contact: Mr. Inger Ericson, Dept. for Radiation Sciences, Uppsala University, Box 535, S-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden (phone 46-18-183848, fax 46-18-183833; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
ENS Class 1 Topical Meeting on Research Facilities for the Future of Nuclear Energy, June 4-7, 1996, Brussels, Belgium. Contact: Mr. Jean-Marie Baugnet, CEN-SCK, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium (phone 32-14-332412; fax 32-14-320513), or Mr. Hamid Ait Abderrahim, CEN-SCK, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium (phone 32-14-332277; fax 32-14-321529; email email@example.com).
5th International Conference on Applications of Nuclear Techniques,--Neutrons in Research and Industry, June 9-15, 1996, Crete, Greece. Contact: George Vourvopoulos, Dept. of Physics, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101 (phone 502-745-5277; fax 502-745-5062; email firstname.lastname@example.org) or Themis Paradellis, INP Demokritos, GR-15310, Aghia Paraskevi, Greece (phone 1-6518770; fax 1-6511215; email email@example.com)
Radiation Transport Using EGS4, June 10-13, 1996, a course offered by Montpellier II University in Montpellier, France. Contact: Jean Barthe, CEA/DTA/DAMRI, BP No 52, 91193 Gif-sur-Yvette, Cedex (phone 33-1-6908-9730; fax 33-1-6908-9533; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Management & Disposal of Radioactive Waste, June 10-14, 1996, a course offered by the Harvard School of Public Health. Contact: Harvard School of Public Health, Office of Continuing Education, 677 Huntington Ave., LL-23, Dept. B, Boston, MA 02115-6023 (phone 617-432-1171; fax 617-432-1969; email email@example.com).
Environmental Monitoring, June 10-14, 1996, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; FAX: 423-576-9383; E-mail: MCLAINA@ORAU.GOV).
ANS Annual Meeting, June 16-20, 1996, Reno, Nevada. Contact: ANS, Meetings Dept., 555 North Kensington Ave., La Grange Park, IL 60525 (fax 708-352-6464).
12th Topical Meeting on the Technology of Fusion, June 16-20, 1996, Reno, Nevada. Contact: ANS, Meetings Dept., 555 North Kensington Ave., La Grange Park, IL 60525 (fax 708-352-6464).
Topical Meeting on DOE Spent Nuclear Fuel and Fissile Material Management, June 16-20, 1996. Contact: ANS, Meetings Dept., 555 North Kensington Ave., La Grange Park, IL 60525 (fax 708-352-6464).
Planning for Nuclear Emergencies, June 17-21, 1996, a course offered by the Harvard School of Public Health. Contact: Harvard School of Public Health, Office of Continuing Education, 677 Huntington Ave., LL-23, Dept. B, Boston, MA 02115-6023 (phone 617-432-1171; fax 617-432-1969; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Occupational Internal Dosimetry, June 17-21, 1996, a course offered by Oak Ridge Associated Universities at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Contact: Registrar, RIDIC, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge, TN 37831-0117 (phone 423-576-3478).
Atmospheric Science & Radioactivity Releases, June 24-26, 1996, a course offered by the Harvard School of Public Health. Contact: Harvard School of Public Health, Office of Continuing Education, 677 Huntington Ave., LL-23, Dept. B, Boston, MA 02115-6023 (phone 617-432-1171; fax 617-432-1969; email email@example.com).
Air Sampling for Radioactive Materials, June 24-28, 1996, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; FAX: 423-576-9383; E-mail: MCLAINA@ORAU.GOV).
Meeting on Burnup Credit Criticality Safety Benchmarks, June 25-27, 1996, Paris, France. Contact: Dr. Enrico Sartori, OECD/NEA Data Bank, 12 boulevard des Iles, F-92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France (phone 33-1-4524-1072; fax 33-1-4524-1110; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org).
Controlled Fusion and Plasma Physics, June 24-28, 1996, Kiev, Ukraine. Contact Dr. I. Goutych, Scientific Secretary, 23rd EPS CFPP, Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, 252143, Kiev, Ukraine (phone 380-44-266-5362; fax 380-44-266-5998; email email@example.com).
SCALE Training Course, July 1-5, 1996, Stuttgart, Germany. Contact: Dr. Enrico Sartori, OECD/NEA Data Bank, 12 boulevard des Iles, F-92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France (phone 33-1-4524-1072; fax 33-1-4524-1110; e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org).
38th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, July 21-25, 1996, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Contact: Ms. A. R. Keyser, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740-3846 (fax 301-209-0862).
Computational Methods in Reactor Analysis and Shielding, Aug. 12-16, 1996, Knoxville, Tennessee, a short course offered by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Contact: T. W. Kerlin, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2300 (phone 423-974-2525 fax 423-974-0668).
Nuclear Criticality Safety, Aug. 12-16, 1996, Knoxville, Tennessee, a short course offered by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Contact: T. W. Kerlin, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2300 (phone 423-974-2525 fax 423-974-0668).
Monte Carlo Analysis, Aug. 12-16, 1996, Knoxville, Tennessee, a short course offered by the University of Tennessee-Knoxville. Contact: T. W. Kerlin, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996-2300 (phone 423-974-2525 fax 423-974-0668).
Spectrum'96: Nuclear and Hazardous Waste Management International Topical, August 18-23, 1996, Seattle, Washington, Contact: Cheryl Thornhill at 509/375-2532 (web page at http://www.hanford.gov/ans/s96home.html).
Safe Use of Radionuclides, Aug. 19-23, 1996, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; FAX: 423-576-9383; E-mail: MCLAINA@ORAU.GOV).
Radiological Surveys in Support of Decommissioning, Aug. 26-30, 1996, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; FAX: 423-576-9383; E-mail: MCLAINA@ORAU.GOV).
7th International Symposium on Neutron Capture Therapy for Cancer, Sept. 4-7, 1996, Zurich, Switzerland. Contact: 7th International Symposium on Neutron Capture Therapy for Cancer, Inst. for Medical Radiobiology, August Forel-Strasse 7, CH-8029, Zurich, Switzerland (phone 41-1-3856511; fax 41-1-3856204; email email@example.com).
Environmental Monitoring, Sept. 9-13, 1996, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a short course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; FAX: 423-576-9383; E-mail: MCLAINA@ORAU.GOV).
International Conference on Physics of Reactors, "Breakthrough of Nuclear Energy by Reactor Physics," PHYSOR '96, Sept. 16-20, 1996, Mito, Japan. Contact: Dr. Keichiro Tsuchihashi, Dep. Dir., Dept of Reactor Engg., JAERI, Tokai-Mura, Naka-Gun, Ibaraki-ken 319-11 Japan (phone 81-292-82-6120; fax 81-292-82-6122; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Applied Health Physics, Sept. 16-Oct. 18, 1996, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, a five-week course sponsored by Oak Ridge Associated Universities. Contact: Registrar Professional Training Programs, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, P.O. Box 117, Oak Ridge TN 37831-0117 (Phone: 423-576-3576; FAX: 423-576-9383; E-mail: MCLAINA@ORAU.GOV).
12th Symposium on Microdosimetry - Interdisciplinary Meeting on Radiation Quality, Molecular Mechanisms, Cellular Effects and Health Consequences of Low Level Ionising Radiation, Sept. 29-Oct. 4, 1996, Oxford, United Kingdom. Contact: European Commission, DG XII/F/6, Dr. H. G. Menzel, rue de la Loi, 200, B-1049, Brussels, Belgium (fax 32-2-296-6256; email H.Menzel@mhsg.cec.be).
3rd Topical Meeting on Industrial Radiation and Radioisotope Measurements and Applications, IRRMA '96, Oct. 6-9, 1996, Raleigh, North Carolina. Contact: William L. Dunn, Quantum Research Services, Inc., Suite W, 5410 Apex Highway, Durham, NC 27713-9434 (phone 919-544-4952; fax 919-544-2918; email email@example.com)
9th International Symposium on Capture Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy and Related Topics, Oct. 8-12, 1996, Budapest, Hungary. Contact: Inst. of Isotopes. Nuclear Physics, G. Molnar, P.O. Box 77, H-1525, Budapest, Hungary (fax 36-1-275-4349; email CGS9@ALPHA0.IKI.KFKI.HU).
Specialists' Meeting on "In-Core Instrumentation and Reactor Core Assessment," Oct. 14-17, 1996, Mito, Japan. Contact: Dr. Pierre Nagel, OECD/NEA Data Bank, 12 blvd. des Iles, F-92130 Issy-les-Moulineaux, France (phone 33-1-4524-1082; fax 33-1-4524-1110; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
96 NEE: International Symposium on Nuclear Energy and the Environment, Oct. 14-18, 1996, Beijing, sponsored by the Chinese Society of Radiation Protection, Chinese Nuclear Society, and the Chinese Society of Environmental Sciences. Contact: Prof. Leng Reiping, 96 NEE, P.O. Box 2102-14, Beijing 100822, People's Republic of China (phone 0086-10-8510370; fax 0086-10-8539375; email ZHUZM@BEPC2.IHEP.AC.CN) .
International Conference on Radiation and Health, Ben Gurion University of the Negev, Nov 3-7, 1996, Beer Sheva, Israel. Contact: International Conference on Radiation and Health, Ortra Ltd, 2 Kaufman Street, Textile Center, POB 50432, Tel Aviv 61500, Israel. (Phone: 972-3-5177888, Fax: 972-3-5174433, E-mail: email@example.com).
International Meeting of the American Nuclear Society and the European Nuclear Society, Nov. 10-15, 1996, Washington, DC. Contact: Meetings, ANS, 555 N. Kensington Ave., La Grange Park, IL 60525 (phone: 708-352-6611; fax: 708-352-6464).
Meeting of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine and the Radiologists Society of North America, Dec. 1-6, 1996, Chicago, Illinois. Contact: AAPM, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20749-3846 (fax 301-209-0862).
7th International Symposium on Radiation Physics (ISRP-7), Feb. 24-28, 1997, Jaipur, India. Contact: Dr. Bikash C. Sinha, Director, Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, 1/AF Bidhan Nagar, Calcutta 700064, India (phone 91-33-37-0032; fax 91-33-34-6871).
ISFNT-4: 4th International Symposium on Fusion Nuclear Technology, Apr. 6-11, 1997, Tokyo, Japan. Contact: Prof. Satoru Tanaka, Dept. of Quantum Eng. & Systems Science, Univ. of Tokyo, Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113, Japan (phone 81-3-3812-2111 ext. 6968; fax 81-3-5800-6860 or 81-3-3818-3455; email firstname.lastname@example.org; url http://hooker.gen.u-tokyo.ac.jp/isfnt4.html).
6th Topical Meeting on Emergency Preparedness and Response, April 22-25, 1997, San Francisco, sponsored by the American Nuclear Society. Contact: Dr. Thomas Sullivan, LLNL Mail Code L-103, P.O. Box 808, Livermore, CA 94550 (phone 510-422-1838, fax 510-423-5167, e-mail email@example.com).
International Conference on "Nuclear Data," May 19-23, 1997, Trieste, Italy. Contact: Dr. Gianni Reffo, E.N.E.A.-Centro Ricerche, Energia "E. Clementel", Centro Dati Nucleari V. Martiri di Monte Sole 4, I-40129 Bologna, Italy (phone 39-51-60-98-522; fax 39-51-60-98-785; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physicists in Medicine, July 27-31, 1997, Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Contact: American Association of Physicists in Medicine, One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20749-3846 (fax 301-209-0862).
International Conference on "Future Nuclear Systems," Global '97, Oct. 5-10, 1997, Yokohama, Japan. Contact: Dr. Takehiko Mukaiyama, JAERI, Tokai-mura, Ibaraki-ken 319-11, Japan (phone 81-29-282-5325; fax 81-29-282-6181; email email@example.com).
Joint International Conference on "Mathematical Methods and Supercomputing in Nuclear Applications," Oct. 6-10, 1997, Saratoga Springs, New York. Contact: Dr. Richard Mendelson, KAPL, E6-216, P.O. Box 1072, Schenectady, NY 12301 USA (phone 518-395-7046; fax 518-395-4422; email firstname.lastname@example.org).
The following literature cited has been ordered for review, and that selected as suitable will be placed in the RSIC Information Storage and Retrieval Information System (SARIS). This early announcement is made as a service to the shielding community. Copies of the literature are not distributed by RSIC. They may generally be obtained from the author or from a documentation center such as the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), Department of Commerce, Springfield, Virginia 22161. For literature listed as available from INIS contact INIS Clearinghouse, International Atomic Energy Agency, P.O. Box 100, A-1400 Vienna.
RSIC maintains a microfiche file of the literature entered into SARIS, and duplicate copies of out-of-print reports may be available on request. Naturally, we cannot fill requests for literature which is copyrighted (such as books or journal articles) or whose distribution is restricted.
This literature is on order. It is not in our system. Please order from NTIS or other available source as indicated.
Health Phys., 70, 473-483 . . . Dose Equivalent Near the Bone-Soft Tissue Interface from Nuclear Fragments Produced by High-Energy Protons. . . . Shavers, M.R.; Poston, J.W.; Cucinotta, F.A.; Wilson, J.W. . . . April 1996 . . . Texas A&M University, College Station, TX; Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA.
Health Phys., 70, 498-504 . . . Organ and Effective Doses in the Male Phantom Adam Exposed in AP Direction to Broad Unidirectional Beams of Monoenergetic Electrons. . . . Schultz, F.W.; Zoetelief, J. . . . April 1996 . . . TNO Centre for Radiological Protection and Dosimetry, Arnhem, The Netherlands.
Health Phys., 70, 505-511 . . . Directional Detector of Gamma Ray Sources. . . . Kronenberg, S.; Brucker, G.J.; Bechtel, E.; Gentner, F. . . . April 1996 . . . NBC Defense Systems, Fort Monmouth, NJ.
Health Phys., 70, 512-519 . . . Evaluation of Monte Carlo Simulation of Photon Counting Efficiency for Germanium Detectors. . . . Kamboj, S.; Kahn, B. . . . April 1996 . . . Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA.
Health Phys., 70, 527-536 . . . Obliquity Factors for 60Co and 4, 10, and 18 MV X Rays for Concrete, Steel, and Lead and Angles of Incidence Between 0 degrees and 70 deg . . . Biggs, P.J. . . . April 1996 . . . Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 151-166 . . . A Quasi-Isotropic Reflecting Boundary Condition for the TIBERE Heterogeneous Leakage Model. . . . Petrovic, I.; Benoist, P.; Marleau, G. . . . February 1996 . . . Institut de Genie Nucleaire, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 167-193 . . . Effects of Sn Method Numerics on Pressure Vessel Neutron Fluence Calculations. . . . Petrovic, B.G.; Haghighat, A. . . . February 1996 . . . Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Penn.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 194-203 . . . Variational Nodal Formulation for the Spherical Harmonics Equations. . . . Lewis, E.E.; Carrico, E.B.; Palmiotti, G. . . . February 1996 . . . Northwestern University, Evanston, IL; Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL; Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 204-211 . . . A Two-Dimensional Multiregion Computer Model for Predicting Nuclear Excursions in Aqueous Homogeneous Solutions Assemblies. . . . Kimpland, R.H.; Kornreich, D.E. . . . February 1996 . . . University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 212-228 . . . Nuclear Design of the High-Temperature Engineering Test Reactor (HTTR). . . . Yamashita, K.; Shindo, R.; Murata, I.; Maruyama, S.; Fujimoto, N.; Takeda, T. . . . February 1996 . . . Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, Ibaraki-ken, Japan.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 229-239 . . . Plutonium Burning in Pressurized Water Reactors Via Nonfertile Matrices. . . . Lombardi, C.; Mazzola, A. . . . February 1996 . . . Polytechnic of Milan, Milan, Italy; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Halden, Norway.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 240-246 . . . A Plutonium-Fueled High-Moderated Pressurized Water Reactor for the Next Century. . . . Barbrault, P. . . . February 1996 . . . Electricite de France, Clamart, Cedex, France.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 258-266 . . . Shielding Calculations for 230-MeV Protons Using the LAHET Code System. . . . Siebers, J.V.; DeLuca, P.M.; Pearson, D.W.; Prael, R.E. . . . February 1996 . . . University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin; Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 267-275 . . . A Green's Function Method for High Charge and Energy Ion Transport. . . . Chun, S.Y.; Khandelwal, G.S.; Wilson, J.W. . . . February 1996 . . . Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA; NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA.
Nucl. Sci. Eng., 122, 276-282 . . . A New Self-Shielding Method Based on a Detailed Cross-Section Representation in the Resolved Energy Domain. . . . Saygin, H.; Hebert, A. . . . February 1996 . . . Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Phys. Med. Biol., 31, 309-313 . . . A Comparison of Speeds of Personal Computers Using an X-Ray Scattering Monte Carlo Benchmark. . . . Al-Affan, I.A.M. . . . 1996 . . . Medical Physics, Department, Cardiff, UK.
E3-95-377 . . . Monte Carlo Simulation of the Nonstationary Transport of Very Cold and Ultracold Neutrons in Vertical Neutron Guides and the Storage of Ultracold Neutrons . . . Muzychka, A.Y.; Pokotilovski, Y.N. . . . 1995 . . .Submitted to Nuclear Instruments and Methods, A.
INDC(AUS)-015 . . . Update of the Evaluation of the Cross Section of the Neutron Dosimetry Reaction 103Rh(n,n')103mRh. . . . Pavlik, A.; Miah, M.M.H.; Strohmaier, B.; Vonach, H. . . . October 1995 . . . Inst. f. Radiumforschung und Kernphysik der Universitat Wien, Vienna, Austria.
INDC(CPR)-037 . . . A Simultaneous Evaluation of Neutron Induced Reaction Cross Sections for 56Fe at En = 14.1 MeV. . . . Zhou, Delin . . . February 1996 . . . China Nuclear Data Center, Beijing, P.R. China.
INDC(CPR)-038 . . . Revision of the Inelastic Scattering Cross Section Evaluation of 238U for CENDL-2.1. . . . Tang Guoyou, Zhang Guohui, Shi Zhaomin, Chen Jinxiang . . . 1995 . . . IHIP, Peking University, Beijing, China.
INDC(CPR)-039 . . . Homogeneous Fast Reactor Benchmark Testing of CENDL-2 and ENDF/B-6. . . . Liu Guisheng . . . 1995 . . . Chinese Nuclear Data Center, IAE, Beijing, China.
KAERI-TR-449/94 . . . A Study of Source Term Evaluation Methodology Using Parametric Approach. . . . Jin, Y.H.; Park, C.K.; Kim, D.H.; Park, S.Y.; Jeong, J.T.; Song, Y.M. . . . July 1994 . . . Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon, Korea; Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daeduk, Korea . . . OSTI; NTIS; INIS.
KEK Proceedings 95-9 . . . Proceedings of the Fifth EGS4 Users' Meeting in Japan. . . . Hirayama, H.; Namito, Y.; Ban, S.; eds. . . . November 1995 . . . National Laboratory for High Energy Physics, Ibaraki-ken, Japan . . .July 23-25, 1995, KEK, Tsukuba, Japan.
NCRP Report No. 123 I . . . Screening Models for Releases of Radionuclides to Atmosphere, Surface Water, and Ground. . . . January 1996 . . . National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, Bethesda, MD.
NCRP Report No. 123 II . . . Screening Models for Releases of Radionuclides to Atmosphere, Surface Water, and Ground - Work Sheets. . . .January 1996 . . . National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements, Bethesda, MD.
NUREG/CP-0142-Vol.1, 1-20 . . . Turning Points in Reactor Design. . . . Beckjord, E.S. . . . September 1995 . . . Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC.
ORNL/TM-12675 . . . The FALSTF Last-Flight Computer Program. . . . Childs, R.L. . . . January 1996 . . . Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN.